Day is done
Gone the sun
From the lakes
From the hills
From the sky
All is well, Safely rest.
And a star
Gems the sky
From afar, Drawing nigh,
Thanks and praise
Neath the sun
Neath the stars
Neath the sky,
As we go, This we know,
God is nigh.
A passionate student of music and the Civil
War, Master Sgt. Jari Villanueva has sounded taps hundreds of times since
joining the Air Force in 1985. Like many of his colleagues in the Ceremonial
Brass, and similar units in the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, he has been
summoned to military funerals in several states over the years.
came out of the Civil War, though the history of its origin is misty. Union
Gen. Daniel Butterfield, camped with his brigade at Harrison's Landing, Va.,
in the summer of 1862, asked his bugler to try a new tune. The bugler,
Oliver Wilcox Norton, did not know so at the time but the simple call
Butterfield scratched on an envelope and asked him to sound came from an
early version of "Tattoo," a bugle call used to alert troops to prepare for
bedtime roll call. This particular "Tattoo" had gone out of use by the time
of the Civil War.
"Butterfield knew the tune, however, from his days
before the war as a colonel in the New York militia," says Villanueva. "It's
the `Tattoo' by Winfield Scott, composed in1835, also known as the `Scott
Tattoo.' The last five-and-a-half measures are distinctly taps."
According to Villanueva's research, Norton worked out the call with
Butterfield, then sounded it in camp. "The music was beautiful on that still
summer night, and was heard far beyond the limits of our brigade," Norton
later wrote. "The next day I was visited by several buglers from neighboring
brigades, asking for copies of the music, which I gladly furnished. I think
no general order was issued from army headquarters authorizing the
substitution of this for the regulation call, but as each brigade commander
exercised his own discretion in such minor matters, the call was gradually
taken up through the Army of the Potomac."
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